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Azerbaijan and Armenia clash over disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region


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image captionThe dispute has been going on for four decades

Clashes have broken out between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Armenian PM Nikol Pashinyan said Azerbaijan had launched an air and artillery attack, but Armenian forces repelled it shooting down two helicopters and three drones.

Azerbaijan said Armenia had started a massive shelling campaign along the whole line of the front.

The long-running conflict has flared up again in recent months.

Border fighting in July killed at least 16 people.

  • Learn more about Nagorno-Karabakh

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  • Azerbaijan country profile

Both Armenia and Azerbaijan were part of the Soviet Union before its collapse in 1991.

For four decades they have been stuck in an unresolved conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, internationally recognised as part of Azerbaijan but controlled by ethnic Armenians.

Map

Tensions last flared into conflict in 2016, with the countries clashing over the disputed territory for four days.

The Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has long been trying to mediate a settlement of the conflict, with diplomats from France, Russia and the US – making up the OSCE Minsk Group – trying to build on a ceasefire.

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